Evaluation Studies

SWPBS Evaluation Studies

Evaluation and Quasi-Experimental studies examining SWPBS that used research quality measures, but did NOT employ experimental designs document both implementation of the core feature by typical school personnel, and either improved academic performance, or reductions in office discipline referrals.

Barrett, S., Bradshaw, C., & Lewis-Palmer, T. (2008). Maryland state-wide PBIS initiative. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10, 105-114.

Benedict, E., Horner, R.H., & Squires, J.  (2007).  Assessment and implementation of Positive Behavior Support in preschools. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 27(3), 174-192.

Biglan, A. (1995). Translating what we know about the context of antisocial behavior in to a lower prevalence of such behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 28, 479-492.

Blonigen, B., Harbaugh, W., Singell, L., Horner, R.H., Irvin, L., & Smolkowski, K. (2008). Application of economic analysis to school-wide positive behavior support programs. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions.

Bohanon, H., Fenning, P., Carney, K., Minnis, M., Anderson-Harriss, S., Moroz, K., Hicks, K., Kasper, B., Culos, C., Sailor, W., & Piggott, T. (2006).  School-wide application of positive behavior support in an urban high school: A case study. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 8(3), 131-145.

Boneshefski, M., & Runge, T., (2014). Addressing disproportionate discipline practices within a school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports framework:  A practical guide for calculating and using disproportionality rates.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 16(3) 149-158.

Burke, M., Davis, J., Hagan-Burke, S., Lee Y, Fogarty, M. (2014). Using SWPBS expectations as a screening tool to predict behavioral risk in middle school.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 16(1) 5-17.

Chaparro, E., Smolkowski, K., Baker, S., Hanson, N., & Ryan-Jackson, K. (2012) A model for system-wide collaboration to support integrated social behavioral and literacy evidence-based practices.  Psychology in the Schools, 49(5), 465-482.

Chaparro, E.,  Ryan Jackson, K., Baker, S. & Smolkowski, K., (2012) Effective behavioural and instructional support systems: An integrated approach to behaviour and academic support at the district level, Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 5:3, 161-176

Chapman, D., & Hofweber, C.  (2000).  Effective behavior support in British Columbia.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 235-237.

Chitiyo, M., May, M., & Chitiyo, G., (2012).  An assessment of the evidence-base for school-wide positive behavior support.  Education and Treatment of Children, 35(1) 1-24.

Coffey, J., & Horner, R., (2012). The sustainability of schoolwide positive behavior interventions and supports. Exceptional Children, 78(4) 407-422.

Colvin, G., & Fernandez, E. (2000). Sustaining Effective Behavior Support Systems in an Elementary School. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 251-253.

Curtis, R., Van Horne, J., Robertson, P., & Karvonen, M. (2010).  Outcomes of a school-wide positive behavior support program.  Professional School Counseling 13:3 159-164.

De Pry, R. L., & Sugai, G. (2002). The effect of active supervision and precorrection on minor behavioral incidents in a sixth grade general education classroom. Journal of Behavioral Education, 11, 255-267.
Doolittle, J., & Horner R., (2007). Sustaining school-wide positive behavior support.  Manuscript in preparation.

Duda, M.A., Dunlap, G., Fox, L., Lentini, R., & Clarke, S.  (2004). An experimental evaluation of positive behavior support in a community preschool program.  Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 24(3), 143-155.

Farkas, M., Simonson, B., Migdole, S., Donovan, M., Clemens, K., Cicchese, V. (2012) Schoolwide positive behavior support in an alternative school setting: An evaluation of fidelity, outcomes and social validity of Tier I implementation.  Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 20 (4),  275-288.

Fanning, P., Theodos, J., Benner, C., & Bohanon-Edmonson, H. (2004). Integrating proactive discipline practices into codes of conduct. Journal of School Violence, 3(1), 45-61.

Galloway, R., Panyan, M., Smith, C. & Wessendorf, S. (2008) Systems change with school-wide positive behavior supports: Iowa’s work in progress. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10(2), 129-135.

George, H., & Kincaid, D.  (2008). Building district-level capacity for positive behavior support. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10(1), 20-32.

Hirsch, E. J., Lewis-Palmer, T., Sugai, G., & Schnacker, L. (2004). Using school bus discipline referral data in decision making: Two case studies. Preventing School Failure, 48(4), 4-9.

Horner, R.H., Sugai, G., Todd, A.W., & Lewis-Palmer, T. (2005). School-wide positive behavior support. In L. Bambara & L. Kern (Eds.) Individualized supports for students with problem behaviors: Designing positive behavior plans. (pp. 359-390) New York: Guilford Press.

Irwin D., & Algozzine, R.  (2005) North Carolina Positive Behavior Supports Evaluation Report. Unpublished evaluation report.

Knoff, H. (2000). Organizational development and strategic planning for the millennium: A blueprint toward effective school discipline, school safety, and crisis prevention.  Psychology in the Schools, 37, 17-32.

Lassen, S., Steele, M., & Sailor, W. (2006). The relationship of school-wide positive behavior support to academic achievement in an urban middle school. Psychology in Schools, 43(6), 701-712.

Lewis, T. J., Colvin, G., & Sugai, G. (2000). The effects of precorrection and active supervision on the recess behavior of elementary school students. Education and Treatment of Children, 23, 109-121.

Lewis, T., Hudson, S., Richter, M., & Johnson, N. (2004). Scientifically supported practices in EBS: A proposed approach and brief review of current practices.  Behavior Disorders, 29, 247-259.

Lewis, T. J., Powers, L. J., Kelk, M. J., & Newcomer, L. (2002).  Reducing problem behaviors on the playground: An investigation of the application of school-wide positive behavior supports. Psychology in the Schools, 39, 181-190.

Lohrmann-O’Rourke, S., Knoster, T., Sabatine, K., Smith, D., Horvath, G., & Llewellyn, G.  (2000). School-wide Application of PBS in the Bangor Area School District. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 238-240.

Luiselli, J. K, Putnam, R. F, Handler, M. W, & Feinberg, A. B. (2005). Whole-School Positive Behaviour Support: Effects on student discipline problems and academic performance. Educational Psychology, 25(2-3), 183-198.

Luiselli, J. Putnam, R., & Sunderland M.  (2002).  Longitudinal evaluation of behavior support interventions in public middle school.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4(3), 182-188.

Marin, A., Filce, H. (2013). The relationship between implementation of School-wide Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports and Performance on State Accountability Measures.  Sage Open, (3) 1-10. DOI: 10.1177/2158244013503831

Mathews, S., McIntosh, K., Frank, J., & May, S., (2014). Critical features predicting sustained implementation of school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 16(3), 168-178.

Mayer, G. R., Butterworth, T., Nafpaktitis, M., & Suzer-Azaroff, B.  (1983). Preventing school vandalism and improving discipline: A three year study. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 16, 355-369.

Metzler, C. W., Biglan, A., Rusby, J. C., & Sprague, J. R.  (2001). Evaluation of a comprehensive behavior management program to improve school-wide positive behavior support. Education and Treatment of Children, 24, 448-479.

McCrary, D., Lechtenberger, D., & Wand, E. (2012). The effect of schoolwide positive behavioral supports on children in impoverished rural community schools.  Preventing School Failure, 56 (1) 1-7.

McIntosh, K., Flannery, K. B., Sugai, G., Braun, D., & Cochrane, K. L. (2008). Relationships between academics and problem behavior in the transition from middle school to high school. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10(4), 243-255.

McIntosh, K., Horner, R.H., Chard, D., Boland, J., & Good, R. (2006). The use of reading and behavior screening measures to predict non-response to school-wide positive behavior support: A longitudinal analysis. School Psychology Review, 35, 275-291.

McIntosh, K., Mercer, S., Hume, A., Frank, F., Turri, M., and Mathews, S., (2013).  Factors relate to sustained implementation of schoolwide positive behavior support.  Exceptional Children, 79(3) 293-311.

McIntosh, K., predy, L., Upreti, G., Hume, A., Turri, M., Mathews, S. (2014) Perceptions of contextual features related to implementation and sustainability of school-wide Positive Behavior Support.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 16(1), 31-43.

McIntosh, K., Sadler, C., & Brown, J. A. (2012).  Kindergarten reading skill level and change in as risk factors for chronic problem behavior. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 14(1) 17-28.

Muscott, H., & Mann, E. & LeBrun (2008). Positive behavioral interventions and supports in New Hampshire: Effects of large-scale implementation of schoolwide positive behavior support on student discipline and academic achievement. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10(3), 190-205.

Nakasato, J.  (2000). Data-based Decision-making in Hawaii’s Behavior Support Effort. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 247-250.

Nelson, J. R. (1996). Designing schools to meet the needs of students who exhibit disruptive behavior. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 4, 147-161.

Nelson, J. R., Colvin, G., & Smith, D. J. (1996). The effects of setting clear standards on students’ social behavior in common areas of the school. The Journal of At-Risk Issues, Summer/Fall, 10-17.

Nelson, J.R., Hurley, K., Snyhorst. L., Epstein, M., Stage, S., & Buckley, J. (2009). The child outcomes of a behavior model. Exceptional Children, 76, 7-30.

Nelson, J.R., Martella, R., & Marchand-Martella, N. (2002). Maximizing student learning: The effects of a comprehensive school-based program for preventing problem behaviors. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 10, 136-148.

Solomon, B., Klein, S., Hintze, J., Cressey, J., & Peller, S. (2012).  A meta-analysis of school-wide positive behavior support: An exploratory study using single-case synthesis.  Psychology in the Schools. 49(2), 105-121.

Sprague, J. R., Walker, H., Golly, A., White, K., Myers, D. R., & Shannon, T. (2002). Translating research into effective practice: The effects of a universal staff and student intervention on key indicators of school safety and discipline. Education and Treatment of Children, 24(4), 495-511.

Morrissey, K., Bohanon, H., & Fenning, P. (2010). Teaching and acknowledging expected behaviors in an urban high school.  Teaching Exceptional Children, May/June 27-35.

Nelson, J. R., Johnson, A., & Marchand-Martella, N. (1996). Effects of direct instruction, cooperative learning, and independent learning practices on the classroom behavior of students with behavioral disorders: A comparative analysis. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 4, 53-62.

Nelson, J. R., Martella, R., & Galand, B. (1998). The effects of teaching school expectations and establishing a consistent consequence on formal office disciplinary actions. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 6, 153-161.

Nersesian, M., Todd, A., Lehmann, J., & Watson, J.  (2000). School-wide Behavior Support Through District-Level System Change. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2 (4), 244-246.

Pas, E., & Bradshaw, C.P., (2012).  Examining the association between implementation and outcomes.  Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 39(4), 417-433.

Pas, E., Bradshaw, C.P., & Mitchell, M. M. (2011). Examining the validity of office discipline referrals as an indicator of student behavior problems.  Pychology in the Schools,  48(6), 541-555.

Putnam, R. F., Handler, M. W., Ramirez-Platt, C. M., & Luiselli, J. K. (2003). Improving student bus-riding behavior through a whole-school intervention. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 36, 583-589.

Putnam, R.F., Luiselli, J.K., Handler, M.W., & Jefferson G.L. (2003). Evaluating student discipline practices in a public school through behavioral assessment of office referrals. Behavior Modification, 27, 505-523.

Putnam, R.F., Luiselli, J.K. & Sunderland, M. (2002). Longitudinal evaluation of behavior support intervention in a public middle school. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 4, 182-188.

Sadler, C.  (2000). Effective Behavior Support Implementation at the District Level:  Tigard-Tualatin School District. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 241-243.

Safran, S. P. & Oswald, K. (2003). Positive behavior supports: Can schools reshape disciplinary practices? Exceptional Children, 69, 361-373.

Skiba, R. J., Peterson, R. L., & Williams, T. (1997). Office referrals and suspensions: Disciplinary intervention in middle schools. Education and Treatment of Children, 20, 295-315.

Simonson, B.,  Britton, L., & Young D. (2010). School-wide positive behavior support in an alternative school setting: A case study. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 12, 180-191.

Simonson, B., Eber, L., Black, A., Sugai G., Lewandowski, H., Sims, B., & Myers, D. (2012).  Illinois statewide positive behavioral interventions and supports: Evolution and impact on student outcomes across years.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 14(1) 5-16.

Stewart, R.M., Benner, G.J., Martella, R.C., Marchand-Martella, N.E. (2007). Three-tier models of reading and behavior: A research review. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 9, 239-253.

Sulzer-Azaroff, B., & Mayer, G. R. (1994). Achieving educational excellence: Behavior analysis for achieving classroom and schoolwide behavior change. San Marcos, CA: Western Image.

Taylor-Greene & Kartub, D.  (2000). Durable implementation of School-wide Behavior Support: The High Five Program.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(4), 231-232.

Taylor-Greene, S., Brown, D., Nelson, L., Longton, J., Gassman, Cohen, J., Swartz, J., Horner, R. H., Sugai, G., & Hall, S. (1997). School-wide behavioral support: Starting the year off right. Journal of Behavioral Education, 7, 99-112.

Vaughn, B., White, R., Dunlap, G., & Strobeck, S. (in press).  A case study of a classroom intervention for problem behaviors: Collateral effects and social validation.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions.