Team-Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS)
Team-Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) is a conceptual model for problem solving that has been operationalized into a set of practical procedures to be used during meetings of school-based problem solving teams such as Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS). Use of TIPS procedures can help team members identify, address, and resolve students' social and academic behavior problems.
A key feature of TIPS is its emphasis on team members' ongoing use of data to inform decision making about each of the problem-solving processes (e.g., using data to identify and define significant problems; establish baseline and goal rates/levels of the problem; select solutions likely to be effective, given the hypothesized function of the problem behavior; monitor and achieve implementation integrity of solution actions; monitor problem behavior and adjust solution actions as necessary to achieve the objectively-defined resolution goal).
TIPS was developed in collaboration between researchers Rob Horner, Anne Todd, and Steve Newton at the University of Oregon and Bob and Kate Algozzine, Dale Cusumano, and Angela Preston at the University of North Carolina Charlotte.
Materials presented on these pages reflect the outcome of these efforts and should be used by states, districts, or schools as steps in building fidelity within all stages of implementation.
TIPS Forum Brief (PBIS Forum in Brief, Chicago 2015) - PDF (774 KB)
: A brief document for operational definition, rationale, problem solving process, research, lessons for practice, and FAQ