Tier 2 Supports

    Tier 2 Schoolwide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports

    Randomized Control Trials

    Cheney, D., Stage, S. Hawken, L., Lynass, L., Mielenz, C., Waugh, M. (2009). A 2-year outcome study of the check, connect, and expect intervention for students at risk for severe behavior problems. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 17, 226-243.

    Randomized trial of Check-in/ Check-out procedures.  Results indicate functional effect between use of procedures and both improved scores on standardized assessment instruments, and direct observation of problem behavior.

    Walker, H., Seeley, J., Small, J., Severson, H., Graham, B., Feil, E., Serna, L., Golly A., Forness, S. (2009). A randomized controlled trial of the first step to success early intervention: Demonstration of program efficacy outcomes in a divers, urban school district. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 17, 197-212.

    Materials and Research on Specific Secondary Interventions.

    Campbell, A., & Anderson, C.  (2008). Enhancing effects of Check-in/ Check-out with  function-based support.  Behavior Disorders, 33(4), 233-245.

    McIntosh, K., Campbell, A., Carter, D., & Dickey, C. (2009). Differential effects of a tier 2 behavioral intervention based on function of problem behavior. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 11(2), 82-93.
    Beard-Jordan, K., & Sugai, G. (2004). First Step to Success: An early intervention for elementary children at risk for antisocial behavior. Behavioral Disorders, 29, 396-409.

    Cheney, D., Flower, A., Templeton, T. (2008). Applying response to intervention metrics in the social domain for students at risk of developing emotional and behavioral disorders.  Journal of Special Education, 42(2), 108-126.

    Carter, D.R. & Horner, R.H. (2009). Adding functional behavioral assessment to First Step to Success: A case study. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9(4), 229-238.

    Chafouleas, S.M., Christ, T.J., Riley-Tillman, T.C., Briesch, A.M., & Chanese, J.M. (2007).  Generalizability and dependability of Daily Behavior Report Cards to measure social behavior of preschoolers.  School Psychology Review, 36(1), 63-79.

    Chafouleas, S., Riley-Tillman, C., Sassu, K., LaFrance, M., Patwa, S.  (2007) Daily behavior report cards: An investigation of the consistency of on-task data across raters and methods.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9(1), 30-37.

    Debnam, K., Pas, E., Bradshaw, C. (2012). Secondary and tertiary support systems in schools implementing School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports: A Preliminary Descriptive Analysis. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 14(3), 142-152.

    Fairbanks, S., Sugai, G., Guardino, D., & Lathrop, M.  (2007). Response to intervention: Examining classroom behavior support in second grade. Exceptional Children, 73(3), 288-310.

    Filter, K. J., McKenna, M. K., Benedict, E. A., Horner, R. H., Todd, A. W., & Watson, J. (2007). Check in/ check out: A post-hoc evaluation of an efficient, secondary-level targeted intervention for reducing problem behaviors in schools. Education and Treatment of Children, 30(1), 69-84.

    Hawken, L. H. & Johnston, S. (2007). Preventing severe problem behavior in young children: The Behavior Education Program. Journal of Early and Intensive Behavior Intervention, 4(3), 599-613.

    Hawken, L. & Horner, R. (2003). Evaluation of a targeted group intervention within a school-wide system of behavior support, Journal of Behavioral Education, 12, 225-240.

    Hawken, L. H. & MacLeod, K. S., & O’Neill, R. (2007). Effects of function of problem behavior on the responsiveness to the Behavior Education Program. Manuscript submitted for publication.

    Hawken, L. S., MacLeod, K. S. & Rawlings, L. (2007). Effects of the Behavior Education Program (BEP) on problem behavior with elementary school students. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 9, 94-101.

    Hawken, L. (2006). School psychologists as leaders in the implementation of a targeted intervention: The Behavior Education Program (BEP). School Psychology Quarterly, 21, 91-111.

    Lane, K., Capizzi, A., Fisher, M., & Ennis, R. (2012). Secondary prevention efforts at the
    middle school level: An application of the Behavior Education Program.  Education and Treatment of Children 35(1), 51-90.

    March, R. E., & Horner, R.H. (2002). Feasibility and contributions of functional behavioral assessment in schools. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 10, 158-170.

    McCurdy, B. L., Kunsch, C., & Reibstein, S. (2007). Secondary prevention in the urban school: Implementing the Behavior Education Program. Preventing School Failure, 12-19.

    Miller, M., Fenty, N., & Scott, T. M. (in press). An examination of the effects of social skills instruction in the context of small group reading. Preventing School Failure.

    Todd, A. W., Kaufman, A., Meyer, G., & Horner, R. H. (2008). The Effects of a Targeted Intervention to Reduce Problem Behaviors: Elementary School Implementation of Check In - Check Out. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 10(1), 46-55.