Effects of Direct Instruction, Cooperative Learning, and Independent Learning Practices on the Classroom Behavior of Students with Behavioral Disorders: A Comparative Analysis


This comparative analysis examined effects of direct instruction, cooperative learning, and independent learning instructional practices on the classroom behavior of four third graders with behavior disorders. In the direct instruction condition, students displayed higher rates of on-task behavior and lower rates of disruptive behavior relative to the other learning conditions.


Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders from PRO-ED


  • J. Ron Nelson

Prevention Levels

  • Primary
  • Secondary


  • Administrators
  • District Contacts
  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Teachers

System Impact

  • Whole School


  • Elementary School
  • High School
  • Middle School
  • Systems