The Teaching Pyramid: A Model for Supporting Social Competence and Preventing Challenging Behavior in Young Children


This article describes a framework for addressing the social and emotional development and challenging behaviors of young children. This pyramid framework includes four levels of practice to address the needs of all children, including children with persistent challenging behavior. An example is provided demonstrating how to implement this model in a preschool classroom.


Young Children


  • Glen Dunlap
  • Lise Fox
  • Mary Louise Hemmeter
  • Gail E. Joseph
  • Phillip S. Strain

Prevention Level

  • Tertiary


  • Parents
  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists

System Impact

  • Individual Student


  • Developmental Disabilities
  • Early Childhood
  • Elementary School
  • Families