Urban applications of school-wide positive behavior support: Critical issues and lessons learned


Researchers and educators have recognized that typical school-wide approaches to discipline and the prevention and management of problem behavior are often insufficient to address the needs of many students in inner-city schools with high base rates of problem behavior. This article outlines critical issues and lessons learned in the planning and implementation of effective and self-sustaining Positive Behavior Support (PBS) efforts in inner-city schools. Among these issues are methods for the facilitation of school-university partnerships, the incorporation of PBS into existing comprehensive school improvement efforts, the maintenance of school-wide PBS efforts, and the formalization of exit strategies and arrangements for subsequent technical assistance. The importance of service integration, family support, youth development, and community development are emphasized in ensuring the effectiveness and sustainability of school-wide PBS efforts in inner-city settings.


Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions


  • Hank Bohanon-Edmonson
  • Peter Griggs
  • Steve Lassen
  • Amy McCart
  • Ann P. Turnbull
  • Jared Warren

Prevention Level

  • Primary


  • Administrators
  • District Contacts
  • Teachers

System Impacts

  • District Team
  • Whole School


  • Elementary School
  • Middle School
  • Systems