PBIS, Functional Behavioral Assessment, BIP Development, and Manifestation Determination (OSEP Regional Meeting)

The slides were compiled by the OSEP PBIS TA Center with assistance on manifestation determination from Mitchell Yell at University of South Carolina. The slides were developed to assist school personnel and others in conducting FBAs, developing BIPs and conducting MDs based on current research and best practice. Opinions expressed are those of the authors and no endorsement from the Department of Education should be inferred. Research and best practice presented is not in conflict with the IDEA or subsequent regulation but may go beyond those requirements. This information is intended to be supplemental and NOT a replacement for careful study and application of IDEA and its regulations.


  • Robert H. Horner
  • Timothy J. Lewis
  • George Sugai

Prevention Level

  • Tertiary


  • Administrators
  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists
  • Teachers

System Impact

  • Individual Student


  • Developmental Disabilities
  • Elementary School
  • Families
  • High School
  • Middle School