Effects of Team-Initiated Problem Solving on Decision Making by Schoolwide Behavior Support Teams

Todd, A. W., Horner, R. H., Newton, J. S., Algozzine, R. F., Algozzine, K. M., & Frank, J. L. (2011). Effects of Team-Initiated Problem Solving on Decision Making by Schoolwide Behavior Support Teams. Journal of Applied School Psychology, 27(1), 42-59

The authors examined the problem-solving practices of school teams engaged in implementing and improving schoolwide behavior support implementation. A multiple baseline design across 4 elementary school teams was used to assess the effects of the Team-Initiated Problem Solving (TIPS) training program (1 day of team training plus 2 coached meetings). A direct observation data collection protocol--Decision Observation, Recording, and Analysis--was used to index if teams followed "meeting foundations" practices for effective problem solving (e.g., predictable agenda, stable participants, clear roles for facilitator, minute taker, data analyst) and "thorough problem solving" practices for building interventions (e.g., problem definition, use of data, solution development, action planning). Direct observation results indicate that 3 of the 4 teams demonstrated improved meeting foundations and problem-solving skills after TIPS training. The fourth team also performed well, but documented baseline patterns that were either at optimum levels (meeting foundations) or with an increasing trend (problem solving) that prevented demonstration of an intervention effect. Team members perceived their meetings after TIPS training as resulting in more effective problem solving. Collectively, the results are interpreted as demonstrating a functional relation between TIPS training and improved problem solving practices by school teams. Implications address how to improve team-based consultation and problem solving in schools.


Link to the Document

Prevention Levels

  • Primary
  • Secondary


  • Administrators
  • District Contacts
  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists
  • Teachers

System Impacts

  • District Team
  • Targeted Groups
  • Whole School


  • Elementary School