Prevent-Teach-Reinforce:  A standardized model of school-based behavioral intervention

Dunlap, G., Iovannone, R., Wilson, K., Strain, P., & Kincaid, D. (2010).  Prevent-Teach-Reinforce:  A standardized model of school-based behavioral intervention.  Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 12, 9-22.  doi:10.1177/1098300708330880.

Although there is a substantial empirical foundation for the basic intervention components of behavior analysis and positive behavior support (PBS), the field still lacks a standardized program model of individualized PBS suitable for widespread application by school personnel. This article provides a description of a standardized PBS model that is in the process of development and large-scale evaluation. The "Prevent-Teach-Reinforce" (PTR) model is designed to meet the behavior support needs of students with serious behavior challenges in a broad range of school settings. Included in this article are an overview of the model's components and implementation process, two case examples, and a discussion of the model's status and future directions.


Link to the Document

Prevention Level

  • Primary


  • Administrators
  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists
  • Teachers

System Impacts

  • Classroom Level
  • Individual Student
  • Non-Classroom


  • Early Childhood
  • Elementary School
  • Middle School