How to defuse defiance, threats, challenges, confrontations

Colvin, G., Ainge, D., & Nelson, R. (1997). How to defuse defiance, threats, challenges, confrontations. Teaching Exceptional Children, 29(6), 47-51

Discusses behavior management of confrontational situations in the classroom, including prevention, defusion, and follow-up. Strategies for defusion are suggested, such as focusing on the task rather than the attention-getting behavior, presenting options privately, reducing agitation, preteaching and presenting choices to establish limits, and disengaging and delaying responding in the presence of serious threatening behavior.


Link to the Document

Prevention Levels

  • Primary
  • Secondary
  • Tertiary


  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists
  • Teachers

System Impacts

  • Classroom Level
  • Individual Student


  • Elementary School
  • Middle School