Cost-Efficacy Analysis of Out-of-District Special Education Placements: An Evaluative Measure of Behavior Support Intervention in Public Schools


Evaluation of out-of-district special education placement costs in the 15 largest Massachusetts public school districts found the criterion school district (which had developed a system-wide approach to behavioral intervention) had the lowest per capita cost, lowest percentage of total school budget consumed by out-of-district placements, and the highest proportion of special needs students in inclusive educational classrooms.


  • James K. Luiselli
  • Joanne Malonson
  • R. Putnam
  • Kenneth Sennett

Prevention Level

  • Primary


  • PBS Coaches
  • PBS Teams
  • Specialists

System Impact

  • Whole School


  • Developmental Disabilities
  • Elementary School
  • High School
  • Middle School
  • Systems