Relationships Between Academics and Problem Behavior in the Transition from Middle School to High School

Given the increased risk factors in the transition from middle school to high school, this study tracked academic and school discipline records for students as they transitioned from Grade 8 to Grade 9. Results indicated significant interactions between academic scores and office discipline referrals, both within and across grades. Results are discussed in terms of improving school environments and academic instruction to prevent school failure.


Kent McIntosh, K. Brigid Flannery, George Sugai, Drew H. Braun, Krysta L. Cochrane (2008, Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, Volume 10, Number 4)

Prevention Level

  • Primary


  • Administrators
  • District Contacts
  • PBS Coaches


  • High School
  • Middle School
  • Systems